Risperdal ( known generically as risperidone) is an atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia, manic depression, and certain forms of autism. Like other generics, these drugs are designed to be pharmaceutically identical to the trademarked drug, but they are much less expensive, making them an appealing option to insurance companies and patients who have limited funds available.
The drug is available in the form of tablets and a liquid, with dosages which can be adjusted to meet the specific needs of the patient. Like many other antipsychotics, the drug often needs to be adjusted so that it will be effective for a specific patient, and it can have dangerous interactions with other medications and with alcohol.
It can be used for adult and adolescent schizophrenia, and it is also useful in the short term management of manic episodes, although it is not designed for long term use in people with manic depression. This drug is an atypical or second generation antipsychotic, acting to alter the brain chemistry of the patient to alleviate symptoms. Risperdal has also been shown to be useful for people with autism who experience irritability and aggression.
Individuals with dementia cannot use Risperdal, as the drug is associated with dangerous side effects including death for these patients. The safety of the drug in pregnant and breastfeeding women is now known, and the drug is not recommended for people with a history of seizures, suicidal thoughts, liver disease, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease. When the drug is prescribed, patients should be careful to list all of the medications and drugs they use so that the doctor can ensure that the drug will not cross-react with another medication.
Drowsiness and increased need for sleep are common side effects of Risperdal. If these side effects become bothersome, discuss what options are available to you with your physician. Risk of developing diabetes increases when taking Risperidal(CAS No. 106266-06-2). Being overweight and having a family history of diabetes increase this risk. Close monitoring of diabetes is necessary for diabetics taking this medication.
There is a warning that now applies to Risperdal side effects in certain populations. In people who are elderly and who have dementia, this medication is strongly discouraged. It greatly elevates risk for sudden death and it should not in most cases be used.