Ibuprofen(C13H18O2) is a drug that belongs to the class of drugs known as NSAIDS, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is a drug which is recommended for mild to moderate pain, soreness, swelling, and fever. This can be risky, as there are dangers to excessive use, and it is possible to overdose on the drug, potentially causing severe health problems. However, when used safely, the drug can be a very effective and useful pain management tool.
The drug was developed in the 1960s by the Boots Chemical Company, and it is marketed under a number of names. Motrin, Nurofen, and Advil are all forms of ibuprofen. The generic name of the drug is a shortening of its chemical name, iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid. The drug is considered a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication. Unlike a steroidal drug, it can be safely used in the long term, as it does not carry as many harmful side effects as steroidal drugs do. When pain and inflammation are not severe, the drug can also be perfectly effective.
Scientifically, the way that ibuprofen works is that it inhibits an enzyme known as COX-2. By inhibiting this enzyme, which is the enzyme responsible for feeling pain, the human body does not feel the pain and the muscles do not swell as they would had this drug not been ingested. You can experience pain in virtually any location of your body; therefore wherever the pain is, the enzyme will also be, so you can take it and it will find and numb the pain. Basically, the COX-2 enzyme is blocked when the medication is ingested.
An overdose can result in severe gastrointestinal distress, characterized by nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. By taking low doses of the medicine which conform with the recommended doses on the label, these symptoms can generally be avoided. If you find yourself taking ibuprofen(CAS No. 15687-27-1) for an extended period of time, you should consult a doctor, as you may have a serious condition which requires professional medical attention.
Combining aspirin with ibuprofen may also be dangerous; the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) highly recommends discussing its use with a doctor for this reason. Extended or excessive use can carry risks to the heart. It should not be used by people with serious heart conditions before being discussed with a doctor, and most surgeons recommend that it not be used when a patient is about to have heart surgery.