EPC Acquires Potash Project in Africa

The Ethiopia Potash Company (EPC) of Canada recently adjusted the Acquisition Agreement with G & B, to determine selectively the acquisition of the assets of the G & B. The latter assets include a potash project with 427.22 square kilometers in Ethiopia Kiel Basin.

The initial intention of the acquisition was reachedby by the EPC, G & B executives and G & B shareholders on September 2010. In the months before January 18, 2011, the acquisition agreement had conducted three adjustments and modifications. Under the original agreement, if the Kiel potash project feasibility report satisfactory results, the shareholder and founder of G & B could obtain totaled $ 13 million EPC equity, while shareholders and founders could get $ 980,000 in cash.

EPC said, after regulatory and shareholder’s approval, the revised agreement will likely increase the total equity allocation to 3850 shares, of which 1,350 shares granted to the founder of another 25 million shares belong to the G & B shareholders. This will replace the initial 13 million shares plus $ 980,000 of the acquisition agreement. EPC Chairman of the Board and CEO, said that due to market conditions and corporate budget deficit reasons, the EPC for the acquisition, there are many unknown fears, G & B shareholders and the EPC in accordance with the new acquisition agreement to jointly promote the development of enterprises.

It is understood that EPC is through consultation in order to find new strategic partners in the potash project development. It is also reported that the EPC and Yara International Holdings BV, in Ethiopia do not have cooperative movements, B.V also carrying out sylvite development at Kiel basin.

Global Supply Of MMA May Less Than The Demand In 2014

According to the prediction of Mitsubishi Synthetic Co. in  Japan, because of the rapid growth of the global MMA (methyl methacrylate) demand and supply growth is not synchronized, it can be expected that in 2014 the situation of production falls short will appear and the supply gap will reach 200,000 tons.

It is reported that a joint venture between Mitsubishi Synthetic Co. and Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) in the Middle East that plans to produce MMA 250,000 tons per year will be put into operation in late 2014 or early 2015, by then the tight global supply situation will be relieved. However, as the global economy resumes growth, demand for MMA will further expand, the possible resurgence of the tight supply situation may appear in 2 to 3 years. From 2018 to 2020, global MMA supply growth will continue to lag behind demand growth.

It is understood that the in 2011 global MMA supply and demand were in the basic balance, the demand was about 3.3 million tons, of which the Asian demand was 1.8 million to 1.85 million tons, China accounted for 400,000 tons.

In recent years Asia MMA demand growth was significantly higher than the region’s economic growth, demand and economic growth in Europe and North America were essentially flat. Methyl methacrylate is mainly used in the production of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), as well as paint, the electronics industry accounted for about 40% of the PMMA aggregate demand. The rapid development of the electronics market will further promote the the PMMA surge in demand for, In addition, the automotive industry, solar industry is also pushing the PMMA growth in demand.

Dow’s Water-based Adhesive Received The Jung Innovation Award

On July 19, 2012, line ROBOND L-95D, the new member of water-based adhesives product that the Dow’s research developed, received the Ringier Technology Innovation Award.

Dow is pleased to offer a complete line of water-based dry bond laminating adhesives, the ROBOND L series, which meet a wide range of laminating adhesive needs, from general purpose label applications, to flexible laminations for food packaging, to applications requiring improved heat and chemical resistance. These products are VOC compliant, thus eliminating concerns around certain solvent-based chemistries.

The water-based single-component adhesive-epoxy(the CAS number is 61788-97-4 ) was debeloped together by the R & D center that Located in the U.S. and the technical center in Shanghai, adopting the Dow’s unique acrylic emulsion technology, eliminating the premixing process, completely avoiding the solvent emissions and significantly improve workplace safety, but also significantly improve the production efficiency of the processing enterprises. The product is suitable for both aluminized and transparent film substrate.

ROBOND L Generation 2 adhesives offer greater bond strength and chemical resistance to proceed to immediate slitting after the lamination. With excellent laminating performance even on CPP films and laminate constructions with aluminum foil, this new generation of adhesives is suitable for a broad range of substrates including films, foils, and paper. The laminations also endure pasteurization and aggressive filling goods, such as coffee or sauces.

China Xanthan Gum Ruled to Damage US Industry

On July 19,2012, The U.S. International Trade Commission issued a notice that the xanthan gum products originating from China and Austria have caused substantial damage to the US industry, so it’s time to make the preliminary ruling of these products that have caused the anti-dumping industry injury.

Five members of the US commission voted in favor of the affirmative preliminary determination and one member did not participate. According to the affirmative determination, the U.S. Commerce Department will continue anti-dumping investigations on the involved products, and will make preliminary anti-dumping on the case on November 12, 2012.

On June 26, 2012, the U.S. Department of Commerce executed anti-dumping investigation of xanthan gum (the CAS number is 11138-66-2) that from China and Austria. In accordance with the relevant procedures, the US commission will make the preliminary and final ruling on the case on November 13, 2012 and January 28, 2013. The final ruling on the damage will be made on March 19, 2013.

Oil Sanctions Cause Rare “Chicken Crisis” In Iran

Last week, the price of chicken in Iran suddenly increased without any signs, from the original riyal 38,000 rose to 65,000 riyal per kg, about 22 yuan. Market participants expected the chicken meat prices would rise to 800 million rials per kg in the short term.

Chicken price inflation caused the shock of all sectors of Iranian society, the media exclaimed “unprecedented”, people complained that the government controled weakly. To calm people’s grievances, the Iranian government was supplying chicken the public at the price of  47,000 rials per kilogram. Because of this, citizens were waiting in long lines to buy the cheap chicken in a large number of supermarkets. However, due to limited supply, many people were still empty-handed.

For the recent emergence of the “chicken crisis, Iranian officials have called for the television programs not play the screen of eating chicken, so as not to stimulate low-income groups.

Iran’s police chief Mujiadamu recently criticized the national television program played a scene with eating chicken (L-Lysine is used for chicken feed). He said some people could not afford to buy chicken, if they saw this program and felt the poverty gap was so large, they may want to pick up knives and robbery rich. His words caused a lot of criticism after the media reports, some Internet users criticized the inability to solve the soaring prices of government officials and just wanted to cover up the contradictions in the whitewash.

Analysts believe that due to the increasingly stringent sanctions against Iran in the West especially the oil sanctions, this will lead to a substantial reduction of Iran’s foreign exchange earnings and has impact on imports of necessities, including chicken. This is the main reason for the recent chicken prices rose. The prices of those foods that depending on import recently faced a sharp rise in risk in Iran.

German Researchers Produced Methanol From Carbon Dioxide

According to the Xinhua news, carbon dioxide that produced by the burning of fossil fuels is considered as the “culprit” of global warming. However, German researchers found that with the help of a metal catalyst, carbon dioxide and hydrogen can be generate methanol with industrial use under a mild condition. At present, the industrial production of methanol from hydrogen and carbon monoxide under high temperature and pressure and heterogeneous catalysis.

The researchers of Germany RWTH Aachen University reported on a German journal Applied Chemistry, in their experiments, they found that due to a homogeneous catalytic effect of a metal catalyst ruthenium (CAS No. is 7440-18-8) - phosphine complexes, carbon dioxide and hydrogen generated methanol in the pressurized solution. A carbon dioxide molecule and three hydrogen molecules can generate methanol (CH4O, CAS number is 67-56-1 )and water after their reaction. The researchers said that using this method that converting carbon dioxide and hydrogen into methanol is an exploration of new ideas, they will continue to find a more suitable catalyst.

People who participated in this research also believe that, using carbon dioxide which is a greenhouse gase that people want to reduce emission to produce methanol is  is an ideal processing idea. However, this process has a very high demand on catalyst, the researchers will continue to find a more suitable catalyst.

Japan’s TDK Produced Ferrite Magnet That Off Rare Earth

The “Japanese Economic News” recently reported, TDK company in Japan (the original Japanese electrical chemical industrial company) developed the ferrite magnets that off rare earth, and planed to produce on April 2013. It also expected that the production will account for 40% of the total production of magnets.

This new type of ferrite magnet is not added the rare earth lanthanum (La, 7439-91-0) and the rare metal cobalt oxide (CoO, and the CAS number is 1307-96-6), but by the fine crushing of the magnetic body particlesand other new technology, it can also be able to achieve the same high performance standards of the rare earth magnet. The product can be an be widely used in automotive electric chair, electric windows, electric mirrors, small and medium-sized motors, air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines and other white goods area.

The advantages of this new magnet can be concluded as the following: it is not subject to dramatic influence changes of the rare earth price; low prices and stable supply. It is expected that Japanese electronics companies that with production and sales of white goods for emerging markets will widely use this material.

L-Carnitine For Preserving Bone Density

L-carnitine, sometimes referred to as simply carnitine or Vitamin BT, is a non-essential amino acid manufactured from the amino acids methionine and lysine in the liver and kidneys and stored in the brain, heart, muscles tissue, and sperm. People also take these supplements for energy boosts. It occurs naturally in meat and dairy products.

Function
According to the Cell Mass product website, the primary function of L-carnitine is to convert lipids, or fats, into fuel for energy. Specifically, its role is to move fatty acids into the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells that reside within the protective membranes that surround cells. It burns fat by promoting the movement of fatty acids into the mitochondria, which burn fatty acids to make energy. Here, the fatty acids undergo beta oxidation and break down to form acetate. This event is what kicks off the Krebs cycle, a series of complex biological reactions that are essential to provide energy for every cell in the body.

Dosage
The recommended dosage varies according to the desired effect; medicinal dosages range between 300 and 4,000 mg per day. Pills are sold in 250 mg or 500 mg increments. Bodybuilders and dieters take 2,000 mg a day. Start by taking 1,000 mg, and gradually increase to the desired dosage. Although different typeare available, only acetyl L-Carnitine and L-Carnitine are recommended for supplementation.

Benefits
L-Carnitine is known to improve blood sugar levels and sperm production, lower cholesterol, counteract symptoms of hyperthyroidism and fight heart disease. Since L-carnitine demonstrates antioxidant activity, it is sometimes used as a complementary therapy in treating various conditions related to oxidative stress, most notably heart disease and angina. In fact, The American Journal of Cardiology reports that this nutrient permits angina patients to exercise more with less pain and also to reduce medication levels. A few studies indicate that carnitine may also permit heart failure patients to experience similar results.

L-carnitine (the CAS No. is 541-15-1) also plays a role in preserving bone density. Unfortunately, this nutrient becomes less concentrated in bone along with osteocalcin, a protein secreted by osteoblasts that is involved in bone mineralization. In fact, these deficiencies are the main factors that contribute to osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Studies have shown that this condition may be reversed with its supplementation, which increases available levels of osteocalcin.

Other Aging Issues
Age-associated disorders such as depression, impaired cognition and decreased mental alertness may be partially because of L-carnitine deficiency, according to a review of studies by Juvenon, a health supplement producer connected with the University of California at Berkeley.

Foreign Media Spread Half of Iran’s Petroleum Were Sold To China

Reuters reported on 18th July, the latest report of an oil industry consulting company from Geneva said that, China’s oil that imported from Iran recently had risen to the historical high level, the amount was expected to account for half of the petroleum export in Iran. But there are some analysts saying that, these similar arguments often appear in western public opinion field, its veracity and motivation are dubious.

According to the report, the industrial consulting company of Geneva ” gasoline logistics ” said, Iran petroleum export in July is expected to an average of 1.084 million barrels, which is almost the same to the amount in June. Due to the Iranian nuclear issue, the United States and the European Union has announced earlier that the imposition of sanctions on Iran’s crude oil exports and urged the international community, especially the traditional oil-importing countries to give response. Sanctions by the United States and the European Union, Iran’s petroleum exports by half in the period from February to June.

“Arab Times” reported on 18th, China, India, Japan, Turkey and China Taiwan region continue to import Iranian oil at present. The report said that, through negotiating lower prices by reducing imports, China now has easily become the largest customer of Iranian petroleum resins. Its Iranian crude oil imports in July is expected to increase to 59 million barrels, accounting for 54 percent of Iran’s total exports more than imports of the 43 million barrels a day in June, is also higher than the average daily imports of 48 million barrels a day last year.

Saudi Arabia Controled 85% Of the Methanol Market In Middle East Solely

A recent survey shows that in the entire Middle East and African markets, as the major methanol-exporting countries, Saudi Arabia has the share of the production of methanol that is high as to 85%. At the same time, Saudi Arabia is also the region’s largest methanol consumer. In the next 10 years, the country’s methanol production will have further increase and the export volume will continue to increase.

From 2006 to 2011, the Saudi’s macro-economy had a good performance, and its oil reserves was lucrative and abundant. In order to diversify the economy, the government provided adequate and cheap raw materials to many manufacturers, which provided a good basis for the development of the methanol (CH4O and CAS number is 67-56-1)industry.

In 2010, Saudi Arabia had slightly adjusted the raw material structure of the methanol, improved the production capacity of coal-based methanol, lowered the production capacity of natural gas based methanol, and achieved the rapid growth of the coke oven gas methanol capacity. About 40% of methanol had also been transformed into formaldehyde (the CAS number is 50-00-0), which was used in the production of a variety of products such as plastic, plywood, paints, explosives, and permanent press textiles.

English Successfully Used Discarded Tires To Extract Carbon Black

Recently, three British inventors extract the carbon black from discarded tires. The carbon black, which has low price, may be used as a printing ink coloring of special carbon black substitutes.

The method can be generalized as the following: Isolated from the air, getting carbon black, steel and silica mixture after pyrolysising the in the condition of high temperature 800 ℃. Baking after magnetic separation and screening, the semi-pure charcoal powder is produced. And then washing it by using hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, you can get the black printing ink with carbon black (also known as Acetylene black or lamp black). Compared with conventional furnace black production process, the pyrolysis process does not emit carbon dioxide.

Russia Will Officially Accession To the WTO After A Month

Russian State Duma agreed Russia’s accession to the WTO Agreement by a simple majority on July 10, which means that Russia will officially become a WTO member a month later.

The result of voting on that day is 238 votes in favor, 208 votes against and 1 abstention. The Russian State Duma has 450 seats, the WTO accession agreement requires at least 226 votes to pass. After 18 years of arduous negotiations,  the Working Group of Russia’s accession to the WTO passed the final text of Russia’s WTO accession agreement on November 10, 2011. The same year, the Eighth Ministerial Meeting of WTO formally approved Russia’s accession to the WTO on December 16.

Recently, the caucus of the State Duma had a fierce debate on the approval of Russia’s accession to the WTO agreement. Since concerned about the entry of Russia will damage the profits of their own enterprises, the Russian Communist caucus opposed the approval of its agreement. Fair Russia party thought that Russia has not well prepared for the entry of WTO, suggested a delay of several years of WTO accession. However, due to support the ratification of the WTO accession agreement, the United Russia party to occupy a simple majority of seats in the State Duma, the agreement has been finally passed.

Under the relevant provisions, Russia will become a WTO member 30 days later after its own legislative body approving the accession to the WTO agreement formally become a WTO member.

The Production Status and Future Pattern of Coke In The World

Since the 1980s, accompanied by the United States, Japan and other developed Western countries moved into the period of industrialization, the worldwide steel industry also had a steady but slow growth period. Especially after the 1990s, in the economic and environmental considerations, many EU member states closed a large number of the operation of coke oven and changed to import cheap coke, coke’s production in the world has a negative growth.

Until 2002, driven by the strong economic growth of the “BRIC” emerging market countries, the worldwide steel industry entered into a new growth cycle. The coke industry increasingly restored and then showed a good posture of the production and demand booming and the equilibrium in the market.

In recent years, Chinese consumption structure has been upgraded, and its industrialization and urbanization process also has been accelerated, leading to the rapid development of coke industry and the rapid expansion of production capacity in domestic. Today, China has become the world’s coke-producing countries. Global production of this substance was up to 690 million tons in 2011. In the same year, China’s coke(also known as 1-Cocaine, the CAS number is 50-36-2) production totaled 428 million tons, increased approximately 11% compared to last year. The output accounted for about 60 percent of the world coke production in the world’s absolute leader.

Amoung the proportion of coke production in various regions of the world, Asia, Europe and the CIS are still the main producing areas of the world coke, the sum of its coke production accounted for the proportion of the world’s coke output reached 89.54%, but in Europe the proportion has declined, while the proportion in Asia increased significantly .

Mustard Products

Mustard seed is the seed of the mustard plant, a plant which has been cultivated for centuries for both its greens and seeds. They are used as a spice in many cultures, and they can be found in a wide of dishes. Prepared from the seed, its oil is a versatile oil that can be used for both therapeutic uses and culinary applications.

Mustard Seeds
As a general rule, they are spicy and piquant, a trait shared with other Brassicas. The flavor of them varies, depending on the varietal. Some of them have an extremely strong bite which has made it rather famous. The seeds may be black, brown, yellow, or white, depending on the species and cultivar. Many Westerners are familiar with yellow one.

When mustard seeds are used as a spice, there are a number of ways to utilize them. They can be added to dishes as they are cooking, in which case they are usually cracked to release their volatile flavor and aroma, and they are sometimes ground up and added to curry mixtures as well. Many cooks in places like India throw whole seeds into a cooking pot with some oil before they start cooking a dish, ensuring that the oil is flavored with the spice when the heated seeds pop.

People can also grind its seeds and keep the dry powder handy for mixing mustard as needed, and ingredients like water, cider vinegar, horseradish, honey, wine, and milk can also be mixed with ground seeds to make mustard.

Mustard Oil
As one of the more common types of seed found in the Mediterranean, the seeds produce an oil that is both aromatic and soothing to the skin. When it comes to the use of oils as a soothing topical agent, mustard oil(also known as Fats and Glyceridicoils, mustard and the CAS number is 8007-40-7) is considered to be helpful with the pain and discomfort associated with arthritis. The use of it as an ointment for stiff joints has a long history, and is still recommended by persons who prefer to use natural agents to treat various health ailments. Along with leaving relatively little residue, this oil provides a pleasant aroma that may also appeal to the user of the oil.

The oil that is allowed to reach the temperature necessary for smoking will actually achieve a smoother mustard flavor that will be very appealing. In cooking, it works differently from most other oils. With this oil, it is important to allow the oil to reach the smoking point before using the compound in stir-fry and other dishes that are prepared on a stovetop.

Three Types Of Surgical Gloves

Surgical gloves are much like doctors’ examination gloves, except they are of higher quality and are more expensive. They provide comfort and tactile sensitivity while providing barrier protection to surgeons and nurses during operating procedures. Choosing the right surgical glove can be an ordeal looking at the plethora of options available.

History
In 1894, William Stewart Halsted pioneered the widespread use of rubber gloves during surgery. Halsted was the first surgeon-in-chief and first professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital within the university of the same name in Baltimore. He is often called the father of American surgery and the father of surgical rubber gloves. The first known use of them was by a German physician carrying out a gynecological operation in 1758. At this time, surgeons routinely operated in their everyday clothes with no more than an already bloodstained apron over the top.

In the 1840s, anatomists and pathologists began using rubber ones when they were conducting dissections. By January 2008, Johns Hopkins Hospital had phased out the use of latex surgical ones. As reported at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in New Orleans, some surgeons believe that latex-free surgical products may be more likely to perforate during operations.

Latex Gloves
The latex glove, made from natural rubber latex, is a long-standing, popular choice.It provides excellent tactile sensitivity, allowing the surgeon to feel his way through the procedure. Latex also makes for a comfortable product. They are also highly elastic, making them easy to put on. Today, there are many options available due to improved technology. For instance, surgical products with polymer inner coating are available to provide ease of donning ones even if hands are damp or dry.

Polyisoprene Gloves


Polyisoprene
(C5H8, CAS No. is 9003-31-0)surgical ones are made from synthetic polyisoprene which provide similar properties to latex (natural rubber). Of all material used to make surgical gloves, polyisoprene() is the most expensive material. In fact, polyisoprene has a molecular structure that is very similar to natural rubber. Polyisoprene is regarded as a “latex” product without the harmful protein found in latex which is responsible for latex allergies. Like other surgical materials, this product are available with polymer inner coating so donning gloves are easier even when hands are damp or dry.

Neoprene Gloves
Neoprene is also a synthetic material. It is often the choice for surgical gloves when latex is not an option. However, while it is a suitable substitute for latex in many respects, it is not as elastic. Like latex and polyisoprene ones, neoprene types are available with a polymer coating on the inside to make donning the gloves easier.

Mercury Posoning To Huamnbeings

Mercury, also known as quicksilver with the chemical label Hg, is one of only four metals that stay liquid at room temperature and is easily absorbed through the skin. Used for centuries in the medical industry, is has now become known as an environmental hazard and raised concerns about its use in industrial settings. It is a neuro-toxin that can severely damage the human nervous system and brain.

Together with lead, mercury causes thousands of poisonings a year, almost all of which come from broken thermometers and simple household items such as broken fluorescent light bulbs and certain latex paints. Many fungicides and pesticides also contain the element. There are several drugs and common vaccines that contain small amounts of it as an essential ingredient. It is also present in electrical switches, certain art supplies, blood pressure cuffs, and dental amalgams. If you’re interested in finding out more about them, you can visit the United States Food and Drug Administration Website for a full list.

Mercury poisoning is less prevalent than it was in those bad old days, but can still be a concern. The disease was commonly seen in hat-makers in the 18th century, since a Hg compound was widely used in making felt. Unaware of the danger of skin absorption of this chemical, hatters handled the felt, and over a period of time, went insane from the poisoning. This gave rise to the phrase “mad as a hatter,” which in turn led to Alice in Wonderland’s Mad Hatter character. The most common source of high levels of it today is consumption of mercury-contaminated fish.

The presence of mercury (CAS number is 7439-97-6) in the water causes a double problem, since it eventually builds up in fish that are eventually consumed by people. As a result, many types of fish now contain levels of Hg dangerous enough to be considered a serious hazard. In fact, methylmercury is now one of the main causes of the poisoning in humans. The element is released into the environment by several processes, including coal burning and the disposal of hazardous wastes.

The human body can not, unaided, process and remove it from the brain and nervous system. Therefore, in cases of its poisoning, radical therapies are required to eliminate the contaminant. Chelation therapy is the therapy currently used, in which chelating agents are introduced. Chelating agents can form bonds with the poisonous heavy metals, and then the compound created can be eliminated. In addition, it is dangerous to humans because it’s still being used in many aspects of daily life. By reducing it presence, it may be possible to also reduce its effects.

The Ingredients Of Expensive Lotion Is Only Water?

According to Beijing Youth Daily news, recently Evian, Avene and other lotions were ridiculeed by the British media. They said that the ingredients of these lotion is just water, while their price were more expensive than oil. The beauty experts then ridiculed this assertion and said that the lotion is for skin, is not the water simplely for the vehicle tank.

British “Sun” recently put gun pointed at lotion water in cosmetics. The report showed that these lotions were known as providing fresh feeling for the skin, but most of the components was water. If converted in accordance with the capacity, the price of these make-up water is 60 times that of gasoline (CAS NUMBER: 86290-81-5). Brands including Evian and Avene were named.

British media reported that in order to confuse the public, some cosmetic companies deliberately did not list the ingredients of lotions, instead of using “aqua”, which is actually the Latin name of water.

However, there are also beauty experts in China saying that, most of the cosmetics are synthetic chemical products, people should not simply just look at the ingredient list. “If in accordance with the understanding of these people, the diamond wore on woman hands is just a bunch of carbon only.”

Adipic Acid Market Rose Slightly

On Tuesday, the adipic acid market rose slightly. Due to the rise of crude oil and price adjustment of benzene, the adipic acid market began to be active, buyers and sellers operated actively at present.

However, the current high inventory is still one of the factors that hinder prices, the industry outlook is full of uncertainty, operators held the state of cautious. The supply market of mainstream price was 9700-9950 yuan / ton in Liaoning, China. The number of supply transactions was in 9700-9900 yuan / ton in Shandong and Xinjiang. The adipic acid (C6H10O4)analysts of LongZhong expect that, in the short term, the chemical will keep a pattern of a slight concussion.

Upstream benzene: the outer disk ran highly, the plate difference between inside and outside was 1000 yuan / ton. It can be expected that, to seek profits, Sinopec will raise the possibility once again in the short term. Traders to small and medium sized single arbitrage shipments large Shan reluctant to sell, waiting for the benzene prices increase again, not more than the spot market supply. Today’s offer continues to move up to 7750-7800 yuan / ton, few quetoed unrealistically up to 7850 yuan / ton, buyers bargain positivly, the atmosphere of inquiry was well.

The Solar Energy Becomes “Green Power” Of Chemical Industry

At present, foreign countries have begun to use water vapor generated by concentrating solar heating to exploit the heavy oil in old oil fields. For example, Chevron carried out a experiment in Kelin Jia Oilfield in California of the USA, installed in over 7000 mirror on heliostats, the sunlight focused into the 100-meter-high spire. In this way, the convergence of high-temperature would turn water in tower into steam, the steam then entered the heat exchanger, and then the water in the oil field turned into steam, brought out more of the remaining oil from the ground.

The solar heating system of this experiment produced 350 barrels of steam per hour, and produced about 5% additional white mineral oil (CAS:8042-47-5). In addition, in California, about 40 percent of the oil is mined by burning natural gas to generate steam, the cost of steam even accounted for 2/3 of the entire production cost. The application of solar energy systems can save  the natural gas resources. Overall, Chevron can produce about 8,000 barrels of oil equivalent daily from the the Kelin Jia oil field.

This is an example of solar energy applying to chemical. Nowdays, the pressure of energy saving and emission reduction is high in China’s chemical industry, the above example gives the whole industry a revelation: as a clean energy, solar energy can become a “green power” in the chemical industry to promote energy conservation.

America Developed A Type Of Hidden Brace

At present, the number of cases that treatments of uncorrect teeth is growing. Half of the Juvenile dental patients are because of deformed teeth and other reasons. Adults receive treatments as the same, but often due to the pursuit of the beautiful.

Now, Align Technology Inc. in California of the United States has developed a transparent plastic “hidden” braces. “Hidden” braces are a pair of upper and lower jaws were to wear one. In the course of treatment, replacement of different types of braces should according to the different stages, under a slight pressure they can make the teeth slowly adjusted to the appropriate location.

The manufacturer ensured that, in normal conversation distance, people will never notice the mouth of teeth correction braces. Moreover, the correction rate of this so-called Plastic Hidden Braces is up to 95%, nomatter it is aimed at young people or adults.

Of course, this requires patience and perseverance, because the duration of treatment needs 6 months to 12 months, and you can only remove it in the time of dining or cleaning when. Usually the doctor will do a dental model first. In complex situations it may need to taken as a dental X-rays, to produce a digital model of the computer on the basis of these data, and then the teeth can determine in advance at each stage of the braces. During the gradual corrective on teeth may, it may require a total of 15-30 braces.