Different Ways Of Improving Bone Density

If you take care of your bones, you will be more likely to remain independent throughout your life. So it is possible to improve bone density at any age. But the sooner you start working on strengthening your bones, the better. There are many ways to enhance the bone density, it depends on yourself that which one is better. It is never late to do this, just from now on.

Through Diet
Typically western diet contains insufficient calcium, too few vegetables and fruit, coupled with excessive amounts of salt, caffeine and alcohol – all of which can contribute to poor bone mineral density. A balanced diet high in vegetables, whole grains, beans, some dairy products and fruit in moderation, supplies the key nutrients required for optimal bone health.

Eating adequate serves of vegetables and fruits in the diet is an important way of attaining the complete spectrum of minerals and vitamins necessary for good bone health. It is recommended that adults consume 5-7 serves of vegetables, and 2-3 serves of fruit per day.

Through Vitamin D and Calcium Supplements
Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining serum calcium levels and the modelling and remodelling of bone. Without vitamin D bones become thin, brittle and misshapen. Most of your body’s calcium is stored within your bones, which increases bone strength. Your body also uses calcium to keep nerves, muscles and your heart functioning.

It is said that calcium is best absorbed in amounts of 500 milligrams or less at one time, so take your supplement in divided doses, the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases suggests. Your body does not absorb all the calcium you ingest in your diet. Vitamin D increases calcium absorption in the small intestine. Taking both calcium and vitamin D supplements will increase calcium absorption.

Through Medicine

A common medication used to improve bone density is risedronate sodium, the the brand name is Actonel. Actonel falls into the classification of a bisphosphonate, a drug that slows bone loss by preventing bone breakdown. Bone is in a continual state of remodeling, with older bone breaking down and new bone laid down. As you age, bone breakdown increases, which is why the risk of osteoporosis increases with age. Bisphosphonates like Actonel slow the process.

Consideration
Both bisphosphonates and vitamin D and calcium can increase bone density; the two treatments may work best together, Without adequate calcium intake, bisphosphonates will not be effective. Without adequate vitamin D, calcium won’t be well-absorbed.

Risedronate Sodium Used For Bones

Risedronate sodium, also known as Actonel, risedronic acid or more simply as risedronate. It is a medication patients can take to increase bone density and prevent breakdown of bone over time. A doctor may prescribe it to a patient with osteoporosis, and it can also be part of the treatment for Paget’s disease of bone.  It is also sometimes recommended for treating Paget’s disease of bone, which results in errors in the way new bone is formed.

This medication interferes with the resorption of bone, slowing the rate of bone breakdown. Patients can take a tablet daily or once a week, with the weekly dose being higher. Risedronate sodium is not recommended in patients with low blood calcium, as the slowdown of bone breakdown will result in even less available calcium for the body. It may be necessary to take calcium or vitamin D supplements while on the medication to make sure the body has enough nutrition. With fewer osteoclasts present, less bone matter is destroyed and bones may retain a certain level of integrity. There is much higher risk of damage to the esophagus if this position is not maintained. A single pill can cause damage to the stomach or esophagus if not properly digested.

There are different types of bisphosphonates. Actonel is an easy one to take because it is orally administered. It does have very special instructions and must be taken when a person will be sitting upright for at least half-an-hour after taking it. It also can’t be combined with meals or many other medications. Dosage may vary too, depending on the person, and some people use this drug once weekly, while others use it daily.

If risedronate sodium is not suitable for a patient, other medications to improve bone density are available. The doctor can prescribe an alternative and see if the medication meets the needs of the patient. Patients may also combine their medication with activities like swimming and gentle exercise to build up bone mass and muscle strength, useful for preventing fractures.

For most people, osteonecrosis of the jaw will not occur, but there are mild side effects that may affect those who take Actonel. Some may experience some stomach upset, particularly flatulence, constipation, diarrhea, or acid indigestion. Others have a small amount of back pain or arthritic-like pain in the joints, while others experience headache. These are considered mild, but if they continue, reporting them to a doctor could be of use. There are other bisphosphonates that a person might tolerate better.