Perfume is a magic thing to make women and men become charming. It creates an atmosphere of beauty around its wearer, and can be a delight to those near her. It is also an investment in future happiness. However, few people know the details about perfumes.
They were first used in ancient Greece and Egypt, and for thousands of years they were made from natural materials such as flowers, plant oils, resins and roots, and oils from the scent glands of such animals as the musk deer. The foundations of modern synthetic perfumes originated during the 19th century with advances in organic chemistry. Synthetic scent compounds are less expensive than organic ingredients, and are used instead of, or in combination with, natural oils.
Ambergris is a substance that is found in the digestive tract of sperm whales, and it has a musky, floral scent. Ambergris, also referred to as amber, was historically a popular fragrance ingredient. Ambergris is now reproduced synthetically.
A perfume consists of 78 to 95 percent ethyl alcohol. The staying power of a scent compound in a perfume depends on its rate of evaporation. Modern perfumes contain many synthetic compounds that are altered to give them unique characteristics such as increased odor. Popular synthetic scents used in perfume include benzyl acetate, a synthetically produced jasmine scent, Galaxolide, a synthetic musk-like scent, and ethyl linalool, a lavender scent.
There are more than 3,000 base ingredients that manufacturers draw on to make a perfume. Many compounds in perfumes are synthetic such as galaxolide (a synthetic musk) and diethyl phthalate, a plasticizing agent. These chemical compounds are used to make a fragrance’s scent last longer. Phthalates can accumulate in the body’s fatty tissue, and the use of some phthalates has been banned in Europe because of fears of damage to reproductive health.