A Prescription Medication That Treats Hypertension

Candesartan cilexetil(trade name is Atacand) is an angiotensin II receptor blocker and prescription medication often prescribed to treat hypertension, or high blood pressure. The medicine operates by allowing the blood vessels to relax, which ultimately leads to greater ease of blood flow. Reducing the blood pressure can have a lot of positive effects, such as preventing medical problems from strokes to heart attacks.

Indications
Treating hypertension can help reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and even kidney failure. Another reason people use Atacand is to help protect kidneys from damage caused by diabetes, or diabetic nephropathy. Candesartan cilexetil also is used to treat some cases of congestive heart failure, a disorder in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood through the body. Atacand helps the heart regain more efficiency. Besides, it shows potential as a treatment for decreasing the severity and duration of migraine headaches.

Considerations
Best results occur when the medication is taken at the same time each day. The proper dosage for children will be determined on an individual basis, by weight. It is available in the form of a tablet, however children may use a liquid medicine if they have trouble swallowing the pill. Adults will typically take 16 milligrams (mg) of candesartan cilexetil once daily, however the doctor may increase this amount as needed. Patients usually must take Atacand for two to six weeks before seeing results in blood pressure readings.

Side Effects
Patients may notice sneezing, a runny or stuffy nose, congestion and ear pain. People may also notice blurred vision, dizziness, and lightheadedness, particularly while the body adjusts to the medication. These side effects are usually short-lived, but if you have any of them, and they are particularly persistent, or get stronger with time, you need to make your doctor aware of the situation.

There are also various rare and severe side effects. These side effects could lead to some dangerous consequences, so it is absolutely crucial to seek emergency medical attention if you notice any signs of them. These potentially harmful side effects include lingering nausea and throwing up, stomach pain, abnormal exhaustion, yellowing of the skin or the eyes (also known as jaundice), muscle ache and darker colored urine than usual.

Candesartan Cilexetil(CAS: 145040-37-5) may interact with other medicines or supplements. Patients should discuss possible interactions with their doctors, including lithium, diuretics or water pills, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as naproxen and ibuprofen. In addition, patients must avoid the use of potassium supplements or any salt substitutes that contain potassium.