Diclofenac sodium is an anti-inflammatory drug used to reduce pain in injury and other conditions like arthritis. It is available by prescription only, and works to reduce swelling, stiffness, and pain that comes from many forms of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Its chemical name is 2-(2,6-dichloranilino)phenylacetic acid, and it is marketed under various trade names such as Voltaren, Dicloflex, Votral, Sandoz and Zolterol.
Menstrual cramps are due to contractions of the uterus in response to prostaglandins and other hormones. The cramping is intensified when pieces of tissue or clots pass through the cervical canal. Menstrual cramps are of two types– primary dysmenorrheal and secondary dysmenorrheal. Primary dysmenorrheal is regular monthly cramping experienced by adolescent girls at the onset of menstruation.
Secondary dysmenorrheal is caused by an underlying reproductive system abnormality. Diclofenac sodium is the active ingredient of Voltaren and other non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAID) that are used to manage menstrual cramps. The medication is well tolerated and its effectiveness in terms of menstrual pain management has been documented for three decades. It is used to regulate irregular periods and provide short-term relief for abdominal and pelvic pain associated with menstruation.
As an NSAID, diclofenac sodium works to block the production of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are chemicals produced naturally by the body as part of the immune system’s response to infection. These chemicals cause swelling, joint pain, stiffness, and even fevers.
Diclofenac sodium(CAS No. 15307-79-6) is used to manage various musculoskeletal complaints, including spondylarthritis arthritis, osteoarthritis arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It addresses and effectively controls a range of other musculoskeletal aches, such as pain in the muscles of the neck, shoulder, deltoid, hip and groin muscles, knee, leg and ankle muscles and those of the foot, thigh, wrist, elbow, and lower back.
Due to the potential risk of life threatening effects and interactions, there are certain people who should not take this medication. Diclofenac sodium should not be taken by anyone who will be undergoing or has already had heart bypass surgery. People with severe kidney problems should not take this medicine. If an allergic reaction to aspirin or other NSAIDs has occurred, taking this medicine can cause another reaction.