The chemical industry is a central part of modern business and manufacturing. It produces a massive range of different substances that are used in almost all fields, from commercial sales to medicine. The chemical industry is a central part of modern business and manufacturing. It produces a massive range of different substances that are used in almost all fields, from commercial sales to medicine.
Specialty chemicals, often called fine chemicals, are produced by the chemical industry in smaller quantities and tend to cost far more money. They are substances that are produced in commercial facilities for use in specialized applications. They take the form of pharmaceutical ingredients, biocides, and specialized chemicals used for technical applications.
As new medications are brought to the consumer market, their chemical makeup is changed often. These newer drugs are manufactured in relatively small quantities. The active ingredients are assembled in one factory, and then combined with the inert components that make up the medication. The final step is to formulate the drug into pills, capsules, or caplets in individual doses.
Biocides are another type of fine chemicals. They may be used commercially or in the home to kill living organisms. Chlorine is another examples of a biocide, since it is used to kill bacteria in swimming pools. Biocides may be added to water to kill algae in swimming pools or at industrial locations. Chlorine is also used by water treatment plants to kill microscopic organisms present in the water.
The third class of fine chemicals are a class of specialized products used for various commercial purposes. Unlike other forms of fine chemicals that are sold at a set price per mass, this type is priced according to performance-in-use characteristics. They include inks, chemicals used for processing photographs, and special coatings. Industrial additives are also included in this category. (S)-(+)-2-Phenylglycinol (C8H11NO, CAS No. 20989-17-7) is an intermediate used in this type of fine chemicals.
It may be consequences for the environment when using these fine chemicals. The label on the product should set out exactly how the product should be disposed of with the minimum of environmental impact, and they should be followed to the letter. Local municipalities should be able to provide information about whether these products must be taken to a hazardous waste disposal facility.