Cephalosporins are a class of antibiotics that come in three distinct groups: first generation, second generation and third generation. When it comes to covering more ground in killing gram-negative bacteria, second and third generations are going to be the drug of choice for the doctor; although they don’t work as well with gram-positive bacteria. Third-generation cephalosporins also work better when it comes to drug-resistant bacteria, which is an increasing concern with today’s doctors and scientists.
Cephalosporin is an antibiotic medication commonly prescribed to treat several different types of infections. It is also an effective prophylaxis, a drug given to hospitalized patients before surgery to prevent bacterial infections. The medication works by breaking down bacterial cell walls and destroying internal structures.
The drug is often the first choice for treating acute and chronic respiratory disorders, including pneumonia and bronchitis. It is also prescribed for ear infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, sinusitis, and skin lesions that are caused by streptococci or staphylococci. When used as a prophylaxis before surgery, the medication prevents bacteria from entering surgical scars and infecting tissue.
Most adults are instructed to take between 200 and 500 milligram doses two to three times a day for about two weeks. It is important to follow a doctor’s recommendations exactly to ensure the maximum effects. In the hospital, the drug is often given intravenously or injected directly into infected skin or muscle tissue. Dosage amounts for oral prescriptions depend on many different factors, including the specific type of infection and the patient’s age and health.
More common side effects might include stomach upset and diarrhea, even loss of weight. More serious side effects that should definitely be reported to the patient’s physician might include an infection with Clostridium difficile, or more commonly known as C.Diff. Also, the kidneys could become toxic and shut down. Any number of blood disorders could occur, such as decreases in the number of white blood cells, platelets and even red blood cells, resulting in bleeding, externally and internally. The patient could also go into an allergic shock.
Patients generally experience symptom relief within a few days of taking cephalosporin. 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene, or called as Diazabicycloundecene with the molecular formula C9H16N2, is used as a protecting agent for the synthesis of cephalosporin. Patients who are allergic to cephalosporins, of course, shouldn’t take them. By getting plenty of rest, staying hydrated, and maintaining regular dosages, an individual can expect to be symptom-free in less than one month. Infections that persist or worsen despite taking antibiotics need to be re-addressed by the doctor so other treatment remedies can be considered.